Corporate news
Corporate news
International Air Transport Knowledge
Mar 29,2021

Air transport is swift and safe.
The high efficiency on time has won a considerable market, greatly shortening the delivery period, and has played a great role in accelerating the capital turnover and circulation of the logistics supply chain.
Major airlines have been investing in a large number of flights to share the cargo cake.
However, the cost of air transportation is higher than that of sea transportation, and the time requirement is high. The cost ratio of sea transportation is about 1:10.

Air transport inquiry eight elements:
1. Product name (dangerous or not)
2. Weight (related to charge), volume (size and whether the bubble)
3. Packing (wooden case or pallet)
4. Destination airport (basic point or not)
5. Request time (direct or turn)
6. Required flights (service and price differences among flights)
7. Category of Bill of Lading (Master and Sub-bill)
8. Required transportation services (customs declaration, agent documents, customs clearance and delivery, etc.)

By air freight there are heavy cargo and bulky cargo.
1CBM=167KG volume weight compared with the actual weight, which big by which charge, of course, there is a little secret in the air cargo bubble, counterparts should know, here is not convenient to speak.
Manufacturers who do not understand can figure it out by themselves.

Air freight structure - do you know?
There are many people who do air freight. Do you know how the air freight price of airlines is calculated specifically?
A brief introduction, I hope to help you.

Composition of air freight:
1.Airfreight (collected by airlines)

(Depending on the airport, the destination price is different. In Hong Kong, the first price is usually about 4 yuan. In the past, the price was 3.6 yuan.

3. Security check fee (Hong Kong charges a fixed fee of 1 yuan /kg)

4. Airport handling fee (HKD283/ ticket in Hong Kong, the airport is responsible for loading the cargo onto the plane, etc.)

5. Terminal fee: 1.72/kg When the goods are delivered to the banker, the banker is responsible for making the board and other things, and finally the airport to collect)

6. Air main bill fee: HKD15/ BL is the bill of lading fee -- property certificate.

The above introduction is the composition of accounting fees for most airlines, mainly Hong Kong airport.
Because Hong Kong is a super large free trade port, and Hong Kong airport is the world's largest airport, less restrictions, wide range, cargo aircraft, the existing 78 airlines.
There are more than 100 flights every day, under the condition of guaranteed space and service, you can choose.
However, the cost is generally higher than the domestic 2 pieces of oh!

Commonly used terms for air transport:
ATA/ATD (Actual Time of Arrival/Actual Time of Departure)
Actual Time of Arrival/Departure

AWB (Air Waybill)
A document issued by or in the name of a shipper certifies the carriage of goods between the shipper and the carrier.

Unaccompanied Baggage (Baggage, Unaccompanied)
Baggage that is not carry-on and checked in, or checked in.

Bonded Warehouse
In such warehouses, goods can be stored for an indefinite period without paying import duties.

"Bulk Cargo"
Bulk goods not loaded on pallets and crates.

CAO (Cargo for Freighter Only)
An abbreviation for "freighter only." means to be transported by freighter only.

Charges and Charges Collect
State the charges charged to the consignee on the air waybill.

Charges are Prepaid
Show on the air waybill the shipper's charges.

Chargeable Weight
Used to calculate the weight of air freight.
The chargeable weight may be volumetric weight or the weight of the vehicle reduced by the total weight loaded when the cargo is loaded on the vehicle.

CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freightage)
Means "cost, insurance and freight", i.e. C&F plus the seller's insurance against loss and damage to the goods.
The seller must sign a contract with the underwriter and pay the premium.

Consignee Consignee
The person named on the air waybill to receive the goods carried by the carrier.

Consignment goods (Consignment)
A carrier taking delivery of one or more pieces of goods from a shipper at a time and place and carrying them to a destination on a single air waybill.

Consignor (Consignor)
Equivalent to shipper.

Consolidated Consignment
A lot of cargo consigned by two or more shippers, each of whom has entered into an air freight contract with a shipping agent.

Consolidator Consolidator
A person or organization that gathers goods into congregated shipments.

COSAC (Community Systems for Air Cargo)
Acronym for "high awareness" computer system.
Is the information and central logistics management computer system of Hong Kong Air Cargo Terminal Limited

Government agency responsible for the collection of import and export duties, the suppression of smuggling and narcotic trade and abuse (known in Hong Kong as the Customs and Excise Department)

Customs Code
A code marked on a consignment by the Customs and Excise Department (C&ED) to indicate the result of customs clearance or what clearance action is required of the terminal operator/consignee.

Customs Clearance
Customs formalities that must be completed in order to transport or take delivery of goods at their origin, transit and destination.

Dangerous Goods
Dangerous goods are articles or substances that, when transported by air, may pose a significant threat to health, safety or property.

Declared Value for Carriage
The value of goods declared by the shipper to the carrier for the purpose of determining freight or setting limits on the carrier's liability for loss, damage, or delay.

Declared Value for Customs
Applicable to the value of goods declared to the customs for the purpose of validating the amount of customs duty.

A fee paid by the carrier to the agent or other carrier and then charged by the ultimate carrier to the consignee.
These fees are usually charged to cover the freight and incidentals incurred by agents or other carriers in carrying the goods.

EDIFACT (Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transportation)
Electronic Data Interchange for Management, Commerce and Transportation.
EDIFACT is the international standard for message syntax for electronic data interchange.

Refusal by Carrier, for a certain period of time, of any Carrier merchandise, of any type or class of goods to or from any place or place, on any route or any part thereof, or on any connecting route.

ETA/ETD (Estimated Time of Arrival/Estimated Time of Departure)
An abbreviation for estimated time of arrival/departure.

Export License
A government license authorizing the licensee (shipper) to export a specified commodity to a specified destination.

FIATA (Federation Internationale des Associations de Transitaires et Assimiles)
Fiata Licensee - A member of Fiata Bill of Lading (FCR) which is licensed to issue Fiata Documents in Hong Kong [Fiata Bill of Lading (FBL)) "As Carrier" & Forwarders Certificate of Receipts (FCR)].
Covered by freight forwarder's liability insurance (minimum liability limit: US$250,000).

Price FOB (Free on Board)
Under "free on board", the goods are shipped by the seller at the port of shipment named in the contract of sale.
The risk of loss or damage to the goods passes to the buyer when the goods pass over the ship's rail (i.e. after they have left the dock and been placed on board) and handling charges are for the seller's account.

FOB Airport
This term is similar to general FOB terminology.
After the seller delivers the goods to the air carrier at the departure airport, the risk of loss passes from the seller to the buyer.

An agent or company that provides services (such as receipt, transshipment or delivery) to ensure and facilitate the movement of goods.

Gross Weight
The total weight of the goods to be shipped, including the weight of the boxes and packing materials.

HAFFA (Hong Kong Air Freight Forwarding Association)
Hong Kong Freight Industry Association Limited (HAFFA), founded in 1966, is a non-profit organization to promote, safeguard and develop the freight transport industry in Hong Kong.

Freight Forwarder Air Bill of Lading (HAWB) (House Air Waybill)
This document includes individual pieces of the assembled goods, issued by the aggregator of the mixed goods, and includes instructions to the dismantling agent.

IATA (International Air Transport Association)
Acronym for International Air Transport Association.
IATA is an organization of the air transport industry that provides services to airlines, passengers, shippers, travel agents and governments.
The Association aims to promote safety and standardization of air transport (baggage checks, tickets, weight lists) and to assist in the determination of international air freight charges.
IATA's headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland.

Import Licence
A government license allowing the licensee (consignee) to import a specified commodity.

A mark marked on a package to identify the goods or to give information about the owner.

Airline Waybill (Master Air Waybill)
This is an air waybill containing a consignment, which lists the consignor as the consignor.

Neutral Air Waybill
A standard air waybill with no carrier named.

2. Live Cargo (Perishable Cargo)
Perishable goods within a specified period of time or under adverse temperature, humidity or other environmental conditions.

(Prepacked Cargo)
Goods packed in the vehicle by the shipper prior to delivery to the terminal operator.

Reception Checklist List
Documents issued by terminal operator when taking delivery of goods from shipper.

Regulated Agent Regime
Is a government system for conducting security checks on all air freight forwarders.

Shipment Release Form
A document issued by the carrier to the consignee for taking delivery of goods from the terminal operator.

The Shipper
The person or company named in a contract of carriage of goods to deliver the goods to the consignee.

Shipper's Certificate for Live Animals/Dangerous Goods
Declaration by shipper - stating that the cargo has been properly packed, accurately described and fit for air transport in accordance with the latest version of IATA rules and all carrier rules and government legislation.

Declaration of Shipper's Letter of Instruction
Documents containing instructions from the shipper or the shipper's agent concerning the preparation of the documents and the shipment of the goods.

STA/STD (Schedule Time of Arrival/Schedule Time of Departure)
An abbreviation for estimated time of arrival/departure

TACT (The Air Cargo Tariff)
Abbreviation for "Air Cargo Tariff" published by International Aviation Press (IAP) in collaboration with the International Air Transport Association (IATA).

Charges, charges and/or conditions for the carriage of goods by the carrier.
Tariff varies by country, weight of goods and/or carrier.

Unit Load Device
Any type of container or pallet used to transport goods.

Valuable Cargo
Goods with a declared average gross weight of US $1,000 or more per kilogram, such as gold and diamonds.

Valuation Charge (Valuation Charge)
A freight charge based on the value of the goods declared at the time of shipment.

Vulnerable Cargo (Vulnerable Cargo)
Goods that have no declared value but clearly require careful handling, or that are particularly vulnerable to theft.