Largest 13 Ports in Saudi Arabia

Largest 13 Ports in Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia’s ports are one of the country’s most important economic and commercial flows and a key driver of regional and global trade. The Saudi Ports Authority oversees the country’s nine ports, six of which are used for trade, And three are used for industry. The nine ports are located along the Arabian Gulf and Red Sea coasts. The ports have greatly contributed to economic competitiveness, diversifying revenue sectors and transforming the kingdom into an ideal global logistics hub. 


A history of Saudi Arabia’s ports 

A history of Saudi Arabia's ports 


Since the founding of the General Ports Organization in 1976, several ports have opened in Saudi Arabia. In 1997, the operation of ports 


Handed over to the private sector. In 2018, the cabinet approved the General Administration of Ports to be renamed the Saudi Ports Authority and become a public body. Four ports facilitate trade from the Arabian Gulf and another five from the Red Sea. 


The largest seaport in Saudi Arabia 


  • King Abdulaziz Port, Dammam 

King Abdulaziz Port, Dammam 


It is the largest and busiest port in the Persian Gulf and the third largest and busiest in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Due to its strategic position, King Abdulaziz Port is Saudi Arabia’s main oil port. Under the rule of King Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman Al Saud, Saudi Aramco established the port in order to meet 


The rapidly growing needs of the country’s oil industry.




  • The port has 43 fully equipped berths to accommodate large vessels. As a result, it is one of the busiest seaports in Saudi Arabia 


  • Full operational services, modern cargo handling equipment, and support docks for containers and general cargo 


Capacity: King Abdulaziz Port has set a new record for daily container throughput through its integrated maritime and logistics services system. At that time, it handled 18,020 TEUs on a single ship. 


Location: King Abdulaziz Port near Dammam Al Nawras, Saudi Arabia 


Best known: King Abdulaziz Port in Dammam is known for its throughput and cargo handling capacity. 



Jeddah Islamic Port, Jeddah 

The Islamic Port of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, lies at the heart of an international maritime corridor connecting East and West via the Suez Canal. It is The second largest and second busiest port in the Arab world. The port has been historically significant since its foundation in 646 AD during the reign of Caliph Uthman ibn Afan. Today, it is Saudi Arabia’s largest import and export gateway. The Islamic Port of Jeddah is also the main port serving the holy cities of Mecca and Medina. 



  • The terminal for pilgrims, tourists, and inbound and outbound passengers is well-equipped 
  • Jeddah Port has 62 berths that can handle containers, passengers, general cargo, animals, cars, and bulk grain
  • For transshipment and bonded storage, it has a logistics park with stevedores, open-air storage, warehouses, truck docks, and refueling centers 


Capacity: Jeddah Islamic Port can handle 19,800 TEU of contemporary container ships. 


Location: Al-Baghdadiyah al-Gharbiyah Al Kurnaysh Br Rd, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Best known forJeddah Islamic Port is best known as the main entry point to Mecca’s Holy Mosque.


Recommended reading: The Mosque: Its history, key structures, and little-known facts 


  • King Fahd Industrial Port of Yanbu 

King Fahd Industrial Port of Yanbu 


Yanbu is located on the Red Sea coast in west-central Saudi Arabia and is home to the King Fahd Industrial Port. It is one of Saudi Arabia’s most important seaports and is Saudi Arabia’s most important export of crude oil, petroleum and petrochemicals on the Red Sea coast. The port also supports the needs of the country’s industrial complex. These industrial complexes export liquid and solid petrochemical products and import equipment and instruments to manufacture various products. 



  • King Fahd Industrial Port in Yanbu

has three berths, integrated terminals, and a capacity of 500,000 tons of ships


Capacity: King Fahd Industrial Port in Yanbu can handle 210 million tons of cargo per year. 


Location: Yanbu Industrial Zone, Saudi Arabia 


Best known for: King Fahd Industrial Port in Yanbu is the largest port on the Red Sea for loading crude oil and petrochemicals. 


  • Jubail, King Fahd Industrial Port

Jubail, King Fahd Industrial Port 


The King Fahd Industrial Port in Jubail is a famous industrial port in the Middle East. King Fahd bin Abdulaziz inaugurated the port in 1982. The port is effectively designed to handle raw materials and import them for local businesses and industry. It has also facilitated exports of refined petroleum products, petrochemicals, sulfur, and fertilizers. 




  • King Fahd Industrial Port has five terminals at the port 
  • It has 34 berths and 10 terminal operators 


CapacityThe King Fahd Industrial Port in Jubail can handle 70 million tonnes of cargo annually. 


Location:Saudi Aramco Jubail Refinery on Highway 1 in Jubail, Saudi Arabia.


Best known for: The country’s famous import and export port for petrochemicals and refined petroleum products.


  • Jubail Commercial Port

Jubail Commercial Port 


The Jubail Commercial Port was built on the eastern central coast of the Arabian Gulf. In 1974. It is the largest artificial port in the world One of them covers 44 square kilometers. Its proximity to Jubail, Saudi Arabia’s main industrial and petrochemical complex, reduces the cost of importing and exporting materials and improves the kingdom’s competitiveness. 




  • Jubail Commercial Port has a fleet of services to assist ships in and out of berths at any time, in any weather, with minimal delay. 
  • There are 16 berths, outdoor warehouses, and a warehouse at Jubail Commercial Port.


CapacityThe total throughput of Jubail Commercial Port is 36 million tons. 


Location: Downtown Jubail, Saudi Arabia 


Best known for: Jubail Commercial Port is a backup port for King Abdul Aziz Port. 


  • Port of Jizan

Port of Jizan 


Port Jizan is Saudi Arabia’s third-largest port by design capacity. Opened in 1976, it is Saudi Arabia’s main gateway for livestock imports from Africa. The port has many facilities, such as gas stations, control towers, large warehouses, and numerous berths. 




  • To ensure ship safety, the port has 12 berths and three auxiliary guided approach channels. Throughput


Capacity:The port of Jazan has a total throughput of 5 million tons. 


Location: King Fahd Road Waterfront, Jizan, Saudi Arabia 


Best known forPort of Jizan’s proximity to the trade routes connecting Europe, the Far East, the Arabian Gulf, and East Africa sets it apart. 


As part of Vision 2030, the Saudi Ports Authority intends to build and develop passenger terminals at the national port to accommodate foreign tourists and cruise ship passengers. It also wants to integrate innovative technologies and automation throughout the port and logistics infrastructure. In addition, the Saudi Ports Authority intends to increase the country’s port. Capacity to more than 40 million TEUs.


  • Port of Duba

Port of Duba 

Port of Duba is positioned in the north Red Sea 450 kilometers north of Yanbu. It is a well-protected natural harbor by three sides thru hills.

The new port possesses three berths with 200 meters each for ro-ro vessels

Handles: breakbulk, dry bulk, and containers

Major cargoes hold food, vehicles, industrial products, and construction materials.

Port capable of handling 10 million tons annually


  • Port of Rabigh

Port of Rabigh 


Rabigh Port is a deep-water port sheltered by a parallel-to-the-coast offshore barrier reef. This port consists of the Oil Cargo Port and Refinery, Pioneer Port, Dry Cargo Port, and Dry Cargo Pie.

Principally handles liquid and dry bulk cargoes, general cargo

Accommodates about 300 vessels annually

Yearly imports of crude oil are around 10 million tons

Exports of petroleum products annually are 10 million tons and 14 million tons of sulfur


  • Port of Ras al Khafji

Port of Ras al Khafji 

Port of Ras Al Khafji is an offshore port located around 15 kilometers off Saudi Arabia’s northeast coast in the Divided Zone of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.


Comprises 4 tanker loading berths and an anchorage area

Cargoes handled are fuel oil, naphtha, and crude

About 60 vessels annually visit the port


  • Port of Zuluf

Port of Zuluf 

Port of Zuluf is a small size port in Saudi Arabia.


Latitude – 28° 0′ 17″ N

Longitude – 48° 45′ 37″ E

Port Type – Pier, Jetty, or Wharf


  • Dhiba Port

Dhiba Port 

Dhiba Port is the closest port in Saudi to the Suez Canal and in the countries of the Mediterranean basin ports.


Occupies an area of 11.258 million square meters

Well-appointed with several kinds and new tools for handling cargoe

Accepts roll-on/off ships specific for car shipping and passenger transportation

Storage area – 12,000 square meters



  • Port of Ras Tanura

Port of Ras Tanura 


The Port of Ras Tanura is in the Gulf, north of Al Dammam, in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia.


Small port capable of handling medium-sized cargo

Accommodates various kinds of military practices


  • Port of Ras al Mishab


Port of Ras al Mishab 

The Port of Ras al Mishab is situated on Saudi Arabia’s northeast coast. This port assists the military city of Al-Batin.


Coordinates: N 28° 07′ 25.62″/ E 048° 38′ 04.57″

Port handles: dry bulk and container

Handling – breakbulk

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